Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Default user image.

Celine Fernandez

Associate professor

Default user image.

Altered asparagine and glutamate homeostasis precede coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes

Author

  • Filip Ottosson
  • Einar Smith
  • Olle Melander
  • Céline Fernandez

Summary, in English

Context: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is accompanied by an increased risk for coronary artery disease (CAD), but the overlapping metabolic disturbances preceding both diseases are insufficiently described. Objective:Wehypothesized that alterations in metabolism occur years before clinical manifestation of T2DM and CAD and that these alterations are reflected in the plasma metabolome. We thus aimed to identify plasma metabolites that predict future T2DM and CAD. Design: Through use of targeted liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, 35 plasma metabolites (amino acid metabolites and acylcarnitines) were quantified in 1049 individuals without CAD and diabetes, drawn from a population sample of 5386 in the Malmo Preventive Project (mean age, 69.5 years; 31% women). The sample included 204 individuals who developed T2DM, 384 who developed CAD, and 496 who remained T2DM and CAD free during a mean follow-up of 6.1 years. Results: In total, 16 metabolites were significantly associated with risk for developing T2DM according to logistic regression models. Glutamate (OR, 1.96; P = 5.4e-12) was the most strongly associated metabolite, followed by increased levels of branched-chain amino acids. Incident CAD was predicted by three metabolites: glutamate (OR, 1.28; P = 6.6e-4), histidine (OR, 0.76; P = 5.1e-4), and asparagine (OR, 0.80; P = 2.2e-3). Glutamate (OR, 1.48; P = 1.6e-8) and asparagine (OR, 0.75; P = 1.8e-5) were both associated with a composite endpoint of developing T2DM or CAD. Conclusion: Several plasma metabolites were associated with incidence of T2DM and CAD; elevated glutamate and reduced asparagine levels were associated with both diseases. We thus discovered associations that might help shed additional light on why T2DM and CAD commonly co-occur.

Department/s

  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension
  • EXODIAB: Excellence of Diabetes Research in Sweden
  • EpiHealth: Epidemiology for Health

Publishing year

2018

Language

English

Pages

3060-3069

Publication/Series

Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism

Volume

103

Issue

8

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Oxford University Press

Topic

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems

Status

Published

Research group

  • Cardiovascular Research - Hypertension

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0021-972X