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Cecilia Holm

Professor

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Diverse effects of oats on cholesterol metabolism in C57BL/6 mice correlate with expression of hepatic bile acid-producing enzymes.

Author

  • Kristina E Andersson
  • Ulrika Axling
  • Jie Xu
  • Karl Swärd
  • Siv Ahrné
  • Göran Molin
  • Cecilia Holm
  • Per Hellstrand

Summary, in English

PURPOSE: We previously reported that two substrains of C57BL/6 mice respond differently to oats with respect to reduction in plasma cholesterol. Analysis of this difference might offer clues to mechanisms behind the cholesterol-lowering effect of oats. Here, we address the possible roles of hepatic steroid metabolism and the intestinal microbiota in this respect. METHODS: Female C57BL/6 mice were fed an atherogenic diet with oat bran (27 %) or control fibres for 4 weeks. RESULTS: C57BL/6 NCrl mice responded to oat bran with 19 ± 1 % (P < 0.001) lower plasma cholesterol, 40 ± 5 % (P < 0.01) higher excretion of bile acids and increased expression of the bile acid-producing hepatic enzymes CYP7A1 and CYP8B1, but none of these effects were found in C57BL/6JBomTac mice. However, on control diet, C57BL/6JBomTac had tenfold higher expression of CYP7A1 and levels of hepatic cholesterol esters than C57BL/6NCrl mice. Plasma levels of fructosamine indicated improved glycemic control by oat bran in C57BL/6NCrl but not in C57BL/6JBomTac. C57BL/6JBomTac had higher intestinal microbiota diversity, but lower numbers of Enterobacteriaceae, Akkermansia and Bacteroides Fragilis than C57BL/6NCrl mice. Oat bran increased bacterial numbers in both substrains. Microbiota diversity was reduced by oats in C57BL/6JBomTac, but unaffected in C57BL/6NCrl. CONCLUSIONS: Our data do not support a connection between altered microbiota diversity and reduced plasma cholesterol, but the bacterial composition in the intestine may influence the effects of added fibres. The cholesterol-lowering properties of oats involve increased production of bile acids via the classical pathway with up-regulation of CYP7A1 and CYP8B1. Altered cholesterol or bile acid metabolism may interfere with the potential of oats to reduce plasma cholesterol.

Department/s

  • Vascular Physiology
  • Cellular Biomechanics
  • Molecular Endocrinology
  • Department of Food Technology, Engineering and Nutrition
  • Department of Food Technology, Engineering and Nutrition
  • EXODIAB: Excellence in Diabetes Research in Sweden

Publishing year

2013

Language

English

Pages

1755-1769

Publication/Series

European Journal of Nutrition

Volume

52

Issue

7

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Springer

Topic

  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Status

Published

Project

  • ANTIDIABETIC FOOD CENTRE

Research group

  • Vascular Physiology
  • Cellular Biomechanics
  • Molecular Endocrinology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1436-6215