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ludc web

Anna Wendt

Assistant researcher

ludc web

Corelease and differential exit via the fusion pore of GABA, serotonin, and ATP from LDCV in rat pancreatic beta cells


  • Matthias Braun
  • Anna Wendt
  • Jovita Karanauskaite
  • Juris Galvanovskis
  • Anne Clark
  • Patrick MacDonald
  • Patrik Rorsman

Summary, in English

The release gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and ATP from rat beta cells was monitored using an electrophysiological assay based on overexpression GABAA or P2X2 receptor ion channels. Exocytosis of LDCVs, detected by carbon fiber amperometry of serotonin, correlated strongly (similar to 80%) with ATP release. The increase in membrane capacitance per ATP release event was 3.4 fF, close to the expected capacitance of an individual LDCV with a diameter of 0.3 mu m. ATP and GABA were coreleased with serotonin with the same probability. Immunogold electron microscopy revealed that similar to 15% of the LDCVs contain GABA. Prespike "pedestals," reflecting exit of granule constituents via the fusion pore, were less frequently observed for ATP than for serotonin or GABA and the relative amplitude (amplitude of foot compared to spike) was smaller: in some cases the ATP-dependent pedestal was missing entirely. An inward tonic current, not dependent on glucose and inhibited by the GABAA receptor antagonist SR95531, was observed in beta cells in clusters of islet cells. Noise analysis indicated that it was due to the activity of individual channels with a conductance of 30 pS, the same as expected for individual GABA(A) Cl- channels with the ionic gradients used. We conclude that (a) LDCVs accumulate ATP and serotonin; (b) regulated release of GABA can be accounted for by exocytosis of a subset of insulin-containing LDCVs; (c) the fusion pore of LDCVs exhibits selectivity and compounds are differentially released depending on their chemical properties (including size); and (d) a glucose-independent nonvesicular form of GABA release exists in beta cells.


  • Islet cell physiology
  • Diabetes - Islet Cell Exocytosis
  • Department of Experimental Medical Science

Publishing year







Journal of General Physiology





Document type

Journal article


Rockefeller Institute for Medical Research


  • Endocrinology and Diabetes



Research group

  • Islet cell physiology
  • Diabetes - Islet Cell Exocytosis


  • ISSN: 0022-1295