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Anja Schmidt-Christensen

Assistant researcher

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A new mouse model that spontaneously develops chronic liver inflammation and fibrosis

Author

  • Nina Fransén-Pettersson
  • Nadia Duarte
  • Julia Nilsson
  • Marie Lundholm
  • Sofia Mayans
  • Åsa Larefalk
  • Tine D. Hannibal
  • Lisbeth Hansen
  • Anja Schmidt-Christensen
  • Fredrik Ivars
  • Susanna Cardell
  • Richard Palmqvist
  • Björn Rozell
  • Dan Holmberg

Summary, in English

Here we characterize a new animal model that spontaneously develops chronic inflammation and fibrosis in multiple organs, the non-obese diabetic inflammation and fibrosis (N-IF) mouse. In the liver, the N-IF mouse displays inflammation and fibrosis particularly evident around portal tracts and central veins and accompanied with evidence of abnormal intrahepatic bile ducts. The extensive cellular infiltration consists mainly of macrophages, granulocytes, particularly eosinophils, and mast cells. This inflammatory syndrome is mediated by a transgenic population of natural killer T cells (NKT) induced in an immunodeficient NOD genetic background. The disease is transferrable to immunodeficient recipients, while polyclonal T cells from unaffected syngeneic donors can inhibit the disease phenotype. Because of the fibrotic component, early on-set, spontaneous nature and reproducibility, this novel mouse model provides a unique tool to gain further insight into the underlying mechanisms mediating transformation of chronic inflammation into fibrosis and to evaluate intervention protocols for treating conditions of fibrotic disorders.

Department/s

  • Autoimmunity
  • Immunology

Publishing year

2016-07-01

Language

English

Publication/Series

PLoS ONE

Volume

11

Issue

7

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Public Library of Science

Topic

  • Immunology in the medical area

Status

Published

Project

  • chronic Inflammation and fibrosis

Research group

  • Autoimmunity
  • Immunology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1932-6203