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Anders Rosengren

Postdoctoral research fellow

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Optogenetic control of insulin secretion in intact pancreatic islets with β-cell-specific expression of Channelrhodopsin-2.

Author

  • Thomas Reinbothe
  • Fatemeh Safi
  • Annika Axelsson
  • Ines Mollet
  • Anders Rosengren

Summary, in English

Insulin is secreted from the pancreatic β-cells in response to elevated glucose. In intact islets the capacity for insulin release is determined by a complex interplay between different cell types. This has made it difficult to specifically assess the role of β-cell defects to the insulin secretory impairment in type 2 diabetes. Here we describe a new approach, based on optogenetics, that enables specific investigation of β-cells in intact islets. We used transgenic mice expressing the light-sensitive cation channel Channelrhodopsin-2 (ChR2) under control of the insulin promoter. Glucose tolerance in vivo was assessed using intraperitoneal glucose tolerance tests, and glucose-induced insulin release was measured from static batch incubations. ChR2 localization was determined by fluorescence confocal microscopy. The effect of ChR2 stimulation with blue LED light was assessed using Ca(2+) imaging and static islet incubations. Light stimulation of islets from transgenic ChR2 mice triggered prompt increases in intracellular Ca(2+). Moreover, light stimulation enhanced insulin secretion in batch-incubated islets at low and intermediate but not at high glucose concentrations. Glucagon release was not affected. Beta-cells from mice rendered diabetic on a high-fat diet exhibited a 3.5-fold increase in light-induced Ca(2+) influx compared with mice on a control diet. Furthermore, light enhanced insulin release also at high glucose in these mice, suggesting that high-fat feeding leads to a compensatory potentiation of the Ca(2+) response in β-cells. The results demonstrate the usefulness and versatility of optogenetics for studying mechanisms of perturbed hormone secretion in diabetes with high time-resolution and cell-specificity.

Department/s

  • Diabetes - Islet Patophysiology
  • Division of Molecular Medicine and Gene Therapy
  • Diabetes - Islet Cell Exocytosis
  • EXODIAB: Excellence of Diabetes Research in Sweden

Publishing year

2014

Language

English

Pages

28095-28095

Publication/Series

Islets

Volume

6

Issue

1

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

Landes Bioscience

Topic

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Status

Published

Research group

  • Diabetes - Islet Patophysiology
  • Diabetes - Islet Cell Exocytosis

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1938-2022