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Åke Lernmark

Principal investigator

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Future drug treatment of Type 1 diabetes


  • Helena Larsson
  • Ahmed Delli
  • Sten Ivarsson
  • Åke Lernmark


  • Richard I. G. Holt
  • Clive S. Cockram
  • Allan Flyvbjerg
  • Barry J. Goldstein

Summary, in English

Insulin replacement therapy is considered the only effective and feasible treatment for type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) as only insulin is capable

of reversing the metabolic disturbances and restoring a near - normal quality of life in patients with T1DM. Despite rigorous measures and major advances in health care provided for patients with T1DM, increased morbidity and mortality are still common from complications, which commonly develop within 10 – 12 years after clinical onset.

Advances in the understanding of the natural history of T1DM and increased abilities to predict the disease have made it possible to

design and implement prevention and intervention clinical trials. Clinical trials are aimed at: (a) preventing the initiation of islet

autoimmunity (primary prevention);(b)reducing autoimmune β-cell killing and progression to clinical diabetes (secondary prevention); or(c)suppressing or modulating the immune response in order to halt β-cell killing and enhance β-cell regeneration (tertiary prevention or intervention).

Several trials were implemented or are currently ongoing with dietary manipulation, parenteral or oral insulin or immune-suppressing or immune-modulating agents with the aim of preventing the disease or retarding its progression. The search for safe, effective and feasible drugs to prevent or cure T1DM is still ongoing. So far, immune modulation with alum - formulated GAD65 has been shown to be the most promising intervention to

reduce the loss of β-cells. Anti-CD3 monocloncal autoantibodies also showed some benefits in patients with newly diagnosed T1DM.


  • Paediatric Endocrinology
  • Diabetes and Celiac Unit
  • EXODIAB: Excellence in Diabetes Research in Sweden

Publishing year







Textbook of Diabetes

Document type

Book chapter




  • Clinical Medicine



Research group

  • Paediatric Endocrinology
  • Diabetes and Celiac Unit


  • ISBN: 9781405191814