Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here:

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Default user image.

Åke Lernmark

Principal investigator

Default user image.

Islet cell and other organ-specific autoantibodies in all children developing Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus in Sweden during one year and in matched control children


  • M. Landin-Olsson
  • A. Karlsson
  • G. Dahlquist
  • L. Blom
  • Å Lernmark
  • G. Sundkvist

Summary, in English

The majority (about 90%) of children developing Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus do not have a first-degree relative with the disease. Nearly all (389/405, 96%) children (0-14 years) in Sweden, who developed diabetes during one year, were therefore studied to compare islet cell, thyroid peroxidase, thyroglobulin, and gastric H+, K+-ATPase antibodies with 321 age, sex, and geographically matched, but non-related, control children. Islet cell (cytoplasmic) antibodies were found in 81% (316/389) of the patients and in 3% (9/321) of the control children (p<0.001). The median islet cell antibody levels were 70 (range 3-8200) Juvenile Diabetes Foundation (JDF) Units in the islet cell antibody positive patients, and 27 (range 17-1200) JDF Units in the control children (NS). Autoantibodies against thyroid peroxidase (8%), thyroglobulin (6%), and gastric H+, K+- ATPase (3%) were all increased in the patients compared with the control children, being 2% (p<0.001), 2% (p<0.01), and 0.3% (p<0.01), respectively. During an observation time of 20-34 months, two of the nine islet cell antibody positive control children developed Type 1 diabetes, after 8 and 25 months respectively, while the others remained healthy and became islet cell antibody negative. None of the islet cell antibody negative control children developed diabetes during the same time of observation. This first investigation of an unselected population of diabetic children and matched control children shows: that islet cell antibodies are strongly associated with newly diagnosed childhood diabetes, that other autoantibodies are more frequent among diabetic children than control children, and that the frequency of islet cell antibodies in the background population of children is higher than previously documented, and could also be transient, underlining that factors additional to islet cell antibodies are necessary for the later development of Type 1 diabetes.


  • Medicine, Lund
  • Department of Translational Medicine

Publishing year












Document type

Journal article




  • Endocrinology and Diabetes


  • case-control study
  • H, K-ATPase antibodies
  • islet cell antibodies
  • thyroglobulin antibodies
  • thyroid peroxidase antibodies
  • Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus




  • ISSN: 0012-186X