Javascript is not activated in your browser. This website needs javascript activated to work properly.
You are here

Epitope-restricted 65-kilodalton glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies among new-onset Sardinian type 2 diabetes patients define phenotypes of autoimmune diabetes.

  • Mario Maioli
  • Emilyn Alejandro
  • Giancarlo Tonolo
  • Lisa K. Gilliam
  • Lynn Bekris
  • Christiane S. Hampe
  • Domenica A Obinu
  • Alberto Manconi
  • Loreta Puddu
  • Kristian Lynch K
  • Åke Lernmark
Publishing year: 2004
Language: English
Pages: 5675-5682
Publication/Series: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume: 89
Issue: 11
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: The Endocrine Society

Abstract english

The 65-kDa glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65) autoantibodies (GAD65Abs), commonly found in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) patients, are also found at lower frequencies in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. GAD65Abs in T1DM patients are epitope specific, in contrast to those found in other GAD65Ab-positive individuals, including T2DM patients. Our aim was to assess whether epitope-specific GAD65Abs, or the additional presence of islet antigen 2 (IA-2) autoantibodies, better define T1DM phenotypes among T2DM patients. GAD65 and IA-2 autoantibodies were analyzed in 1436 Sardinian subjects classified with T2DM and in 384 nondiabetic patient controls. Autoantibody binding specificity to the N-terminal, middle (M), and C-terminal (C) portions of the GAD65 molecule was evaluated. Among the T2DM patients, 5.1% had GAD65 (P < 0.001) and 2.4% had IA-2 autoantibodies, compared with 1.3 and 1.6%, respectively, among the controls. GAD65Ab-positive T2DM patients with M+C (epitope-specific)


  • Endocrinology and Diabetes


  • ISSN: 1945-7197
E-mail: ake [dot] lernmark [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Principal investigator

Diabetes and Celiac Unit

+46 40 39 19 01

+46 70 616 47 79


Jan Waldenströms gata 35, Malmö


Lund University Diabetes Centre, CRC, SUS Malmö, Jan Waldenströms gata 35, House 91:12. SE-214 28 Malmö. Telephone: +46 40 39 10 00