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Åke Lernmark

Principal investigator

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Comparison of Radioimmunoprecipitation With Luciferase Immunoprecipitation for Autoantibodies to GAD65 and IA-2 beta

Author

  • Peter D. Burbelo
  • Hiroki Hirai
  • Alexandra T. Issa
  • Albert Kingman
  • Åke Lernmark
  • Sten Ivarsson
  • Abner L. Notkins
  • Michael J. Iadarola

Summary, in English

OBJECTIVE - To compare the sensitivity and specificity of luciferase immunoprecipitation (LIPS) with radioimmunoprecipitation (RIP) for the measurement of autoantibodies to the type 1 diabetes autoantigens glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) and insulinoma-associated protein (IA)-2 beta. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - Sera from 49 type 1 diabetic patients and 100 nondiabetic control subjects from Diabetes Antibody Standardization Program 2007 were used to screen for autoantibodies to GAD65. An additional 200 type 1 diabetic patients and 200 nondiabetic control subjects were used to validate the GAD65 results and screen for autoantibodies to IA-2 beta. RESULTS - LIPS showed equal sensitivity and specificity to RIP for detecting autoantibodies to GAD65 and IA-2 beta. Receiver-operating characteristic analysis revealed that the detection of autoantibodies to GAD65 and IA-2 beta by LIPS and RIP were not statistically different. CONCLUSIONS - The LIPS assay does not require the use of radioisotopes or in vitro transcription/translation and is a practical alternative at the clinical level for the RIP assay.

Department/s

  • Diabetes and Celiac Unit
  • Paediatric Endocrinology
  • EXODIAB: Excellence in Diabetes Research in Sweden

Publishing year

2010

Language

English

Pages

754-756

Publication/Series

Diabetes Care

Volume

33

Issue

4

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

American Diabetes Association

Topic

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Status

Published

Research group

  • Diabetes and Celiac Unit
  • Paediatric Endocrinology

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 1935-5548