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Åke Lernmark

Principal investigator

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Children developing type 1 diabetes before 6 years of age have increased linear growth independent of HLA genotypes.


  • Helena Larsson
  • Gertie Hansson
  • Annelie Carlsson
  • E Cederwall
  • B Jonsson
  • B Jönsson
  • Karin Larsson
  • Kristian Lynch
  • J Neiderud
  • Åke Lernmark
  • Sten Ivarsson

Summary, in English

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: High birthweight and increased childhood growth are risk factors for type 1 diabetes. Relative birthweight is associated with HLA genotypes that confer a high risk of diabetes. Our aims were to test whether young children prior to clinical onset of type 1 diabetes have increased: (1) birthweight or birth length standard deviation scores (SDS); (2) height development SDS; or (3) BMI SDS during first 18 months of life and whether these parameters are related to HLA genotypes or mid-parental height (MPH). METHODS: Birthweight, birth length, weight and height were obtained from 58 type 1 diabetes children and 155 controls matched for HLA or not in the Diabetes Prediction in Skåne study. RESULTS: Birth length SDS corrected for MPH was increased in children developing diabetes compared with all (p < 0.048) and with non-HLA- (p < 0.050) but not with HLA-matched controls. Children developing diabetes had increased height gain at 0 to 18 months of age (p < 0.005). Diabetic children were significantly taller from 6 to 18 months of age when correcting for MPH compared with non-HLA-matched as well as HLA-matched controls, but BMI was not increased. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: Birth length SDS was associated with diabetes risk HLA. When corrected for MPH, children developing diabetes were taller at birth than non-HLA- but not taller than HLA-matched controls. Diabetic children had increased MPH-corrected height up to 18 months of age compared with both HLA- and non-HLA-matched controls. High-risk HLA affects prenatal growth, but other factors may explain the increased postnatal linear growth in children developing diabetes.


  • Paediatric Endocrinology
  • Diabetes and Celiac Unit
  • Paediatrics (Lund)

Publishing year










Document type

Journal article




  • Endocrinology and Diabetes



Research group

  • Paediatric Endocrinology
  • Diabetes and Celiac Unit


  • ISSN: 1432-0428