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Åke Lernmark

Principal investigator

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Effects of islet cell surface antibodies and complement on the release of insulin and chromium from perifused β cells

Author

  • T. Kanatsuna
  • Z. R. Freedman
  • A. H. Rubenstein
  • A. Lernmark

Summary, in English


The dynamics of insulin and chromium release from prelabelled rat pancreatic islet cells were studied by perifusion of cells supported in a column of Bio-Gel P-2 polyacrylamide beads. The column-perifused β cells released insulin in a biphasic pattern in response to 30 mmol/l D-glucose and in a monophasic pattern to 20 mmol/l L-arginine. Rat islet cells, first exposed to a rabbit anti-rat islet cell surface serum and complement and then added to the column, were unable to release insulin in response to 30 mmol/l D-glucose and 0.1 mmol/l 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX). In order to study cytotoxicity by an additional approach, islet cells were prelabelled with radioactive chromium (Na
2
51
CrO
4
). These cells did not release either insulin or
51
Cr in response to glucose. Furthermore, exposure of the cells to surface antiserum and complement before perifusion did not induce either chromium or insulin release. Similar results were obtained when glucose alone or combined with surface antiserum was added to the perifusate bathing rat islet cells incubated with 0.1 mmol/l non-radioactive Na
2
CrO
4
before perifusion. However, a transient, dramatic release of insulin from these cells was induced by adding complement to the perifusion medium (containing surface antibodies). These results indicate that complement-dependent cytotoxicity of islet cell surface antibodes involves different phenomena. Firstly, the cytotoxic reaction results in a transient release of insulin whether the physiological release mechanisms were blocked by chromium or not. Secondly, in cells not treated with chromium the cytotoxic reactions renders the β cells unable to release insulin in response to glucose.

Publishing year

1982-01-01

Language

English

Pages

85-92

Publication/Series

Clinical and Experimental Immunology

Volume

47

Issue

1

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

British Society for Immunology

Topic

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0009-9104