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Genetic Dissection Reveals Diabetes Loci Proximal to the Gimap5 Lymphopenia Gene.

  • Jessica Fuller
  • Marika Bogdani
  • Terry D Tupling
  • Richard A Jensen
  • Ranae Pefley
  • Sahar Manavi
  • Laura Cort
  • Elizabeth P Blankenhorn
  • John P Mordes
  • Åke Lernmark
  • Anne E Kwitek
Publishing year: 2009
Language: English
Pages: 89-97
Publication/Series: Physiological Genomics
Volume: 38
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: American Physiological Society

Abstract english

Congenic DRF.(f/f) rats are protected from type 1 diabetes (T1D) by 34 Mb of F344 DNA introgressed proximal to the Gimap5 lymphopenia gene. To dissect the genetic factor(s) that confer protection from T1D in the DRF.(f/f) rat line, DRF.(f/f) rats were crossed to inbred BBDR or DR.(lyp/lyp) rats to generate congenic sublines that were genotyped, monitored for T1D and positional candidate genes sequenced. All (100%) DR.(lyp/lyp) rats developed T1D by 83 days of age. Reduction of the DRF.(f/f) F344 DNA fragment by 26 Mb (42.52 Mb-68.51 Mb) retained complete T1D protection. Further dissection revealed that a 2 Mb interval of F344 DNA (67.41-70.17 Mb) (Region 1) resulted in 47% protection and significantly delayed onset (p<0.001 compared to DR.(lyp/lyp)). Retaining <1 Mb of F344 DNA at the distal end (76.49-76.83 Mb) (Region 2) resulted in 28% protection and also delayed onset (p<0.001 compared to DR.(lyp/lyp)). Comparative analysis of diabetes frequency in the DRF.(f/f) congenic sublines further refined the RNO4 Region 1 interval to approximately 670 Kb and Region 2 to the 340 Kb proximal to Gimap5. All congenic DRF.(f/f) sublines were prone to low-grade pancreatic mononuclear cell infiltration around ducts and vessels but less than 20% of islets in non-diabetic rats showed islet infiltration. Coding sequence analysis revealed TCR Vbeta 8E, 12 and 13 as candidate genes in Region 1 and Znf467 and Atp6v0e2 as candidate genes in Region 2. Our results show that spontaneous T1D is controlled by at least two genetic loci 7 Mb apart on rat chromosome 4. Key words: Type 1 diabetes, BB rat, T cell receptor, autoimmune.


  • Endocrinology and Diabetes


  • Diabetes and Celiac Unit
  • ISSN: 1094-8341
E-mail: ake [dot] lernmark [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Principal investigator

Diabetes and Celiac Unit

+46 40 39 19 01

+46 70 616 47 79


Jan Waldenströms gata 35, Malmö


Lund University Diabetes Centre, CRC, SUS Malmö, Jan Waldenströms gata 35, House 91:12. SE-214 28 Malmö. Telephone: +46 40 39 10 00