Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here:

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Default user image.

Åke Lernmark

Principal investigator

Default user image.

Standardization of antibody preparations for use in immunogenicity studies: a case study using the World Health Organization International Collaborative Study for Islet Cell Antibodies.


  • A Mire-Sluis
  • R Gaines Das
  • Åke Lernmark

Summary, in English

The immunogenicity of biological therapeutic products is currently a high profile regulatory and biotechnology industry issue. The immune responses raised against biotechnology products range from the benign, to affecting product efficacy, to those that have serious deleterious clinical impact. The most widely used marker of immunogenicity is the detection and measurement of antibody responses induced in vivo to a product. This relies on assays that are sensitive and robust. In order to assess the parameters of an assay during its design, development and validation, it is extremely useful to have a reference standard to compare assay results. However, immune responses lead to polyclonal antibody preparations that can vary by affinity and avidity. This makes it extremely difficult to select a preparation that will behave similarly in different test systems and against different antibody samples. The case example of the WHO standardization of islet cell antibodies illustrates the difficu

Publishing year







Developments in Biologicals



Document type

Journal article




  • Endocrinology and Diabetes




  • ISSN: 1424-6074