Involvement of eotaxin, eosinophils, and pancreatic predisposition in development of type 1 diabetes mellitus in the BioBreeding rat.
Publishing year: 2004
Publication/Series: Journal of Immunology
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: American Association of Immunologists
Allergy and autoimmunity are both examples of deregulated immunity characterized by inflammation and injury of targeted tissues that have until recently been considered disparate disease processes. However, recent findings have implicated mast cells, in coordination with granulocytes and other immune effector cells, in the pathology of these two disorders. The BioBreeding (BB) DRlyp/lyp rat develops an autoimmune insulin-dependent diabetes similar to human type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), whereas the BBDR+/+ rat does not. To better understand immune processes during development of T1DM, gene expression profiling at day (d) 40 (before insulitis) and d65 (before disease onset) was conducted on pancreatic lymph nodes of DRlyp/lyp, DR+/+, and Wistar-Furth (WF) rats. The eosinophil-recruiting chemokine, eotaxin, and the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcepsilonRI) were up-regulated >5-fold in d65 DRlyp/lyp vs d65 DR+/+ pancreatic lymph nodes by microarray (p < 0.05) and quantitative RT-PCR stud
- Immunology in the medical area
- ISSN: 1550-6606