T cells from BB-DP rats show a unique cytokine mRNA profile associated with the IDDMI susceptibility gene, LYP
Summary, in English
Diabetes prone biobreeding rats display several abnormalites in T cell numbers, T cell function and T cell surface phenotype which are associated with the onset of spontaneous disease. One of the most pronounced abnormalities in these animals is a marked T cell lymphopenia which is evident in both CD4+ and CD8+ peripheral T cell subsets. To gain a better understanding as to the nature of T cell responses in these animals, we have utilized RT-PCR to analyze the cytokine mRNA profiles of mitogen activated peripheral T cells derived from lymphopenic and non-lymphopenic animals. Our results suggest that inheritance of the lymphopenia gene, Lyp, is associated with a unique cytokine profile most similar to that previously described for mouse medullary thymocytes. In addition, cell surface staining of peripheral T cells from diabetes prone animals revealed a high frequency of Thyl+ cells, which is characteristic of both thymocytes and recent thymic emigrants. Following thymectomy, T cell responsiveness to a number of different stimuli is greatly reduced on a cell for cell basis as is the absolute number of surviving T cells. Taken collectively, our results suggest that the majority of the peripheral T cell pool in these diabetic prone rats consists of short lived, recent thymic emigrants which most likely also contain the effector cells required for initiation of diabetes.
- BB rats
- T cell development
- ISSN: 0891-6934