Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here:

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Default user image.

Åke Lernmark

Principal investigator

Default user image.

High diagnostic accuracy for idiopathic Addison’s disease with a sensitive radiobinding assay for autoantibodies against recombinant human 21-hydroxylase


  • Alberto Falorni
  • Andrej Nikoshkov
  • Stefano Laureti
  • Eva Grenb�ck
  • Anna Lena Hulting
  • Giovanni Casucci
  • Fausto Santeusanio
  • Paolo Brunetti
  • Holger Luthman
  • Ǻke Lernmark

Summary, in English

Autoantibodies against 21-hydroxylase (P450c21) are common in idiopathic autoimmune Addison’s disease. In the present work, we have developed a sensitive radiobinding assay using in vitro translated recombinant human 35S-P450c21. Levels of P450c21 antibodies (P450c21-Ab) were expressed as a relative index (P450c21 index) using a P450c21-Ab positive Addisonian serum and two antibody-negative healthy sera as positive and negative standards in healthy individuals. The upper level of normal was the mean + 3 SD. Positivity for P450c21-Ab was confirmed by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis of immunoprecipitated 35S-P450c21. In 38 Addisonian patients, P450c21-Ab were found in 24/28 (86%) idiopathic, 0/5 post-tuberculosis, 0/3 adrenoleukodystrophy, and 0/2 post-adrenalectomy sera. Among healthy individuals, 1/70 (1.4%) were positive. The P450c21 index, as an estimate of P450c21-Ab levels, correlated inversely with the duration of idiopathic Addison’s disease (r = -0.527; P = 0.007): 16/16 (100%) positive in patients with less than 20 yr and 8/12 (67%) positive in patients with more than 20 yr disease duration. The availability of this simple and sensitive radiobinding assay to evaluate levels of P450c21-Ab will permit large clinical studies as well as screening subjects at risk. In addition, the general population can now be screened to evaluate the predictive value of P450c21-Ab for Addison’s disease.

Publishing year







Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism





Document type

Journal article


Oxford University Press


  • Rheumatology and Autoimmunity




  • ISSN: 0021-972X