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Unique epitopes of glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies in slowly progressive type 1 diabetes.

  • Tetsuro Kobayashi
  • Shoichiro Tanaka
  • Minoru Okubo
  • Koji Nakanishi
  • Toshio Murase
  • Åke Lernmark
Publishing year: 2003
Language: English
Pages: 4768-4775
Publication/Series: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume: 88
Issue: 10
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: The Endocrine Society

Abstract english

Disease-specific epitope profiles of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD)65 autoantibodies (GAD65Ab) were studied in slowly progressive type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus (SPIDDM) and acute onset type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus (AIDDM) using seven kinds of GAD65/67 chimeric molecules. Sera obtained from Japanese SPIDDM (n = 17) and AIDDM (n = 46) patients followed prospectively were analyzed by immunoprecipitation, ELISA, and Western blotting. GAD65Ab in all SPIDDM samples reacted specifically with an N-terminal linear epitope located on the membrane anchoring domain between amino acids 17-51 and C-terminal conformational epitope between amino acids 443-585 of GAD65. The binding of GAD65Ab with N-terminal 83 residues in SPIDDM inversely correlated with the period in which insulin was not required. GAD65Ab in AIDDM did not react with N-terminal epitope located between amino acids 1-83, irrespective of the titer of GAD65Ab. A novel epitope of GAD65Ab in AIDDM residing


  • Endocrinology and Diabetes


  • ISSN: 1945-7197
E-mail: ake [dot] lernmark [at] med [dot] lu [dot] se

Principal investigator

Diabetes and Celiac Unit

+46 40 39 19 01

+46 70 616 47 79


Jan Waldenströms gata 35, Malmö


Lund University Diabetes Centre, CRC, SUS Malmö, Jan Waldenströms gata 35, House 91:12. SE-214 28 Malmö. Telephone: +46 40 39 10 00