Unique epitopes of glutamic acid decarboxylase autoantibodies in slowly progressive type 1 diabetes.
Publishing year: 2003
Publication/Series: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: The Endocrine Society
Disease-specific epitope profiles of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD)65 autoantibodies (GAD65Ab) were studied in slowly progressive type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus (SPIDDM) and acute onset type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus (AIDDM) using seven kinds of GAD65/67 chimeric molecules. Sera obtained from Japanese SPIDDM (n = 17) and AIDDM (n = 46) patients followed prospectively were analyzed by immunoprecipitation, ELISA, and Western blotting. GAD65Ab in all SPIDDM samples reacted specifically with an N-terminal linear epitope located on the membrane anchoring domain between amino acids 17-51 and C-terminal conformational epitope between amino acids 443-585 of GAD65. The binding of GAD65Ab with N-terminal 83 residues in SPIDDM inversely correlated with the period in which insulin was not required. GAD65Ab in AIDDM did not react with N-terminal epitope located between amino acids 1-83, irrespective of the titer of GAD65Ab. A novel epitope of GAD65Ab in AIDDM residing
- Endocrinology and Diabetes
- ISSN: 1945-7197