Your browser has javascript turned off or blocked. This will lead to some parts of our website to not work properly or at all. Turn on javascript for best performance.

The browser you are using is not supported by this website. All versions of Internet Explorer are no longer supported, either by us or Microsoft (read more here: https://www.microsoft.com/en-us/microsoft-365/windows/end-of-ie-support).

Please use a modern browser to fully experience our website, such as the newest versions of Edge, Chrome, Firefox or Safari etc.

Default user image.

Åke Lernmark

Principal investigator

Default user image.

β-cell function in relation to islet cell antibodies during the first 3 yr after clinical diagnosis of diabetes in type II diabetic patients

Author

  • A. Gottsater
  • M. Landin-Olsson
  • P. Fernlund
  • A. Lernmark
  • G. Sundkvist

Summary, in English

OBJECTIVE - To determine the effects of islet cell antibodies on β-cell function during the first 3 yr after diagnosis in type II diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - β-cell function in type II diabetic patients with (n = 11, 50 ± 5 yr of age) and without (n = 10, 52 ± 4 yr of age) ICA was followed prospectively and compared with β-cell function in type I adult diabetic patients (n = 17, 37 ± 5 yr of age) and in healthy control subjects (n = 34, age 45 ± 3 yr). β-cell function was evaluated as fasting C- peptide, 1 + 3 min C-peptide after intravenous glucose, and Δ C-peptide after glucagon. RESULTS - Fasting C-peptide was equal in type II diabetic patients with ICA (0.30 ± 0.03 nM) and type I diabetic patients (0.24 ± 0.03 nM) at diagnosis, and decreased (P < 0.05) during 3 yr in these groups but not in type II diabetic patients without ICA. At diagnosis, type II diabetic patients with ICA showed a 1 + 3 min C-peptide (0.92 ± 0.17 nM) lower (P < 0.001) than control subjects but higher (P < 0.05) than type I diabetic patients (0.53 ± 0.11 nM). After 1 yr, 1 + 3 min C-peptide in type II diabetic patients with ICA had decreased (P < 0.05) to 0.18 ± 0.11 nM and was equal to type I diabetic patients (0.38 ± 0.10 nM). Δ C-peptide after glucagon was equally impaired in type II diabetic patients with ICA (0.38 ± 0.06 nM) and type I diabetic patients (0.35 ± 0.11 nM) at diagnosis. After 3 yr, type II diabetic patients with ICA had fasting C-peptide of 0.09 ± 0.04 nM, 1 + 3 min C-peptide of 0.18 ± 0.10 nM, and Δ C-peptide after glucagon of 0.20 ± 0.09 nM, values equal to type I diabetic patients but lower (P < 0.01) than in type II diabetic patients without ICA, whose values remained unchanged; fasting C-peptide of 0.97 ± 0.17 nM, 1 + 3 min C-peptide of 2.31 ± 0.50 nM, and Δ C-peptide after glucagon of 1.76 ± 0.28 nM. CONCLUSIONS - In patients considered type II diabetic with ICA, β-cell function progressively decreased after diagnosis, and after 3 yr was similar to type I diabetic patients, whereas β-cell function in type II diabetic patients without ICA was unchanged.

Department/s

  • Department of Translational Medicine

Publishing year

1993-01-01

Language

English

Pages

902-910

Publication/Series

Diabetes Care

Volume

16

Issue

6

Document type

Journal article

Publisher

American Diabetes Association

Topic

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Status

Published

ISBN/ISSN/Other

  • ISSN: 0149-5992