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Activity and Sedentary Time 10 Years After a Successful Lifestyle Intervention : The Diabetes Prevention Program

Author:
  • Bonny Rockette-Wagner
  • Kristi L. Storti
  • Dana Dabelea
  • Sharon Edelstein
  • Hermes Florez
  • Paul W. Franks
  • Maria G. Montez
  • Jeremy Pomeroy
  • Andrea M. Kriska
Publishing year: 2017
Language: English
Pages: 292-299
Publication/Series: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume: 52
Issue: 3
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Elsevier

Abstract english

Introduction: This study aims to determine if evidence exists for a lasting effect of the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) lifestyle intervention on activity levels by comparing objectively collected activity data between the DPP Outcome Study (DPPOS) cohort and adults from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES; 2003-2006). Methods: Average minutes/day of light and moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior from ActiGraph accelerometers (collected 2010-2012) were examined (2013-2014) for comparable DPPOS and NHANES subgroups by age, sex, and diabetes status. Longitudinal questionnaire data on leisure activity, collected yearly from DPP baseline to the time of accelerometer measurement (1996-2010; 11.9-year mean follow-up), were also examined to provide support for a long-term intervention effect. Results: Average minutes/day of accelerometer-derived MVPA was higher in all DPPOS subgroups versus NHANES subgroups of similar age/sex/diabetes status; with values as much as twice as high in some DPPOS subgroups. Longitudinal questionnaire data from DPP/DPPOS showed a maintained increase of 1.24 MET hours/week (p=0.026) of leisure activity in DPPOS participants from all original study arms between DPP baseline and accelerometer recording. There were no consistent differences between comparable DPPOS and NHANES subgroups for accelerometer-derived sedentary or light-intensity activity minutes/day. Conclusions: More than 10 years after the start of DPP, DPPOS participants performed more accelerometer-measured MVPA than similar adults from NHANES. Longitudinal questionnaire data support the accelerometer-based findings by suggesting that leisure activity levels at the time of accelerometer recording remained higher than DPP baseline levels.

Keywords

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
  • Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Other

Published
  • Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology
  • ISSN: 0749-3797
Paul Franks
E-mail: paul.franks [at] med.lu.se

Principal investigator

Genetic and Molecular Epidemiology

+46 40 39 11 49

60-12-021

33

Lund University Diabetes Centre, CRC, SUS Malmö, Entrance 72, House 91:12. SE-205 02 Malmö. Telephone: +46 40 39 10 00