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DYNAMIC CHANGES IN THROMBIN GENERATION IN ABDOMINAL SEPSIS IN MICE.

Author:
  • Yongzhi Wang
  • Oscar Braun
  • Su Zhang
  • Ling Tao Luo
  • Eva Norström
  • Henrik Thorlacius
Publishing year: 2014
Language: English
Pages: 343-349
Publication/Series: Shock
Volume: 42
Issue: 4
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: BioMedical Press

Abstract english

ABSTRACT-Systemic inflammatory response syndrome and severe infections are associated with major derangements in the coagulation system. The purpose of this study was to examine the dynamic alterations in thrombin generation in abdominal sepsis. Abdominal sepsis was induced by cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) in C57/Bl6 mice. CLP caused a systemic inflammatory response with neutrophil recruitment and tissue damage in the lung as well as thrombocytopenia and leukocytopenia. Thrombin generation, coagulation factors, lung histology and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity was determined 1h, 3h, 6h and 24h after induction of CLP. It was found that thrombin generation was increased 1h after CLP and that thrombin generation started to decrease at 3h and was markedly reduced 6h and 24h after CLP induction. Platelet poor plasma from healthy mice could completely reverse the inhibitory effect of CLP on thrombin generation, suggesting that sepsis caused a decrease in the levels of plasma factors regulating thrombin generation in septic animals. Indeed, it was found that CLP markedly decreased plasma levels of prothrombin, factor V and factor X at 6h and 24h. Moreover, we observed that CLP increased plasma levels of activated protein C at 6h, which returned to baseline levels 24h after CLP induction. Finally, pretreatment with imipenem/cilastatin attenuated the CLP-evoked decrease in thrombin generation and consumption of prothrombin 24h after CLP induction. Our novel findings suggest that thrombin generation is initially increased and later decreased in abdominal sepsis. Sepsis-induced reduction in thrombin generation is correlated to changes in the plasma levels of coagulation factors and activated protein C. These findings help explain the dynamic changes in global hemostasis in abdominal sepsis.

Keywords

  • Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
  • Medicinal Chemistry
  • Surgery

Other

Published
  • Surgery Research
  • Clinical Chemistry, Malmö
  • ISSN: 1540-0514
E-mail: oscar.braun [at] med.lu.se

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