Measurement of MR signal and T2* in lung to characterize a tight skin mouse model of emphysema using single-point imaging
PURPOSE: To evaluate whether MRI signal and T2* measurements of lung tissue acquired at ultrashort detection times (tds) can detect emphysematous changes in lungs.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: MR signal intensity of in vivo mouse lungs was measured at 4.7 T at tds of 0.2 and 0.4 msec using single-point imaging (SPI). T2* was calculated from the measurements obtained at the two tds. Two groups of 8- and 30-week-old Tight Skin (TS) and aged-matched CB57BL/6 mice were examined. The TS mice spontaneously developed emphysema-like alveolar enlargement. In vivo micro-computed tomography (microCT) scanning and histology were used as reference methods.
RESULTS: MR signal and T2* were significantly lower in the lungs of TS mice than in controls. There were no significant differences between the different age groups. MR signal in lung parenchyma correlated linearly (P < 0.0001, r = 0.89) with microCT mass density, and T2* correlated linearly (P < 0.0001, r = -0.91) with the alveoli size (mean linear intercept [MLI]).
CONCLUSION: The MR signal intensity and T2* measured at short tds can be used as imaging biomarkers to characterize parenchyma density and alveolar size, respectively.
- Age Factors
- Disease Models, Animal
- Disease Progression
- Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
- Imaging, Three-Dimensional
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Signal Processing, Computer-Assisted
- Tomography, X-Ray Computed
- ISSN: 1053-1807