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Cell-cell communication between adipocytes and pancreatic beta-cells in acoustically levitated droplets

Author:
  • Sabina Santesson
  • Eva Degerman
  • Patrik Rorsman
  • Thomas Johansson
  • Sandra Lemos
  • Staffan Nilsson
Publishing year: 2009
Language: English
Pages: 595-601
Publication/Series: Integrative Biology
Volume: 1
Issue: 10
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

Abstract english

Dysfunctional adipocytes and insulin-producing pancreatic beta-cells are hallmarks of human Type 2 diabetes and play important roles in the onset and progression of the disease. However, the precise mechanisms involved are complex and only partially understood. Here we present a new and unique method to perform single-cell and cell-cell communication studies in Type 2 diabetes-related research. The airborne analytical system offers "contactless'' sample handling in the sub-microlitre volume range and is here equipped with fluorescence imaging detection. The system utilizes acoustically levitated droplets as "wall-less'' test tubes and in-house constructed piezoelectric flow-through picolitre droplet dispensers for precise reagent supply. Hormone-mediated regulation of adipocyte lipolysis and communication between adipocytes and b-cells can be studied at the few-cell level. Thus, lipolysis could be detected in single adipocytes, whether it was induced by isoprenaline or inhibited by insulin. Furthermore, the airborne system allowed the comparison of lipolysis in adipocytes of different sizes: a large adipocyte responded more slowly than a small cell. Furthermore, stimulation of insulin secretion by high glucose or acetylcholine administration to a levitated drop containing insulin-producing b-cells resulted in inhibition of isoprenaline-induced lipolysis in adipocytes present in the same drop. The results show the applicability of the airborne analytical system for single cell analysis and for cell-cell communication studies as well as the potential for future analysis directly from human cells obtained from clinical biopsies.

Keywords

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Other

Published
  • Insulin Signal Transduction
  • ISSN: 1757-9708
Eva Degerman
E-mail: eva.degerman [at] med.lu.se

Professor

Insulin Signal Transduction

+46 46 222 85 83

+46 70 885 83 62

BMC C1121b

66

Lund University Diabetes Centre, CRC, SUS Malmö, Entrance 72, House 91:12. SE-205 02 Malmö. Telephone: +46 40 39 10 00