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Phosphorylation and activation of hormone-sensitive adipocyte phosphodiesterase type 3B

Author:
  • Eva Degerman
  • Tova Landström
  • Jonny Wijkander
  • Lena Stenson
  • F Ahmad
  • Per Belfrage
  • V Manganiello
Publishing year: 1998
Language: English
Pages: 43-53
Publication/Series: Methods
Volume: 14
Issue: 1
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Elsevier

Abstract english

Phosphodiesterases (PDEs) include a large group of structurally related enzymes that belong to at least seven related gene families (PDEs 1-7) that differ in their primary structure, affinity for cAMP and cGMP, response to specific effectors, sensitivity to specific inhibitors, and regulatory mechanism. One characteristic of PDE3s involves their phosphorylation and activation in response to insulin as well as to agents that increase cAMP in adipocytes, hepatocytes, and platelets and in response to insulin-like growth factor 1 in pancreatic beta cells. In adipocytes, activation of the membrane-associated PDE3B is the major mechanism whereby insulin antagonizes catecholamine-induced lipolysis. PDE3B activation results in increased degradation of cAMP and, thereby, a lowering of the activity of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). The reduced activity of PKA leads to a net dephosphorylation and decreased activity of hormone-sensitive lipase and reduced hydrolysis of triglycerides. Activation of the rat adipocyte PDE3B by insulin is associated with phosphorylation of serine-302. The mechanism whereby insulin stimulation leads to phosphorylation/activation of PDE3B is only partly understood. In rat adipocytes, lipolytic hormones and other agents that increase cAMP, including isoproterenol, also induce rapid phosphorylation, presumably catalyzed by PKA, of serine-302 of PDE3B. The phosphorylation is associated with activation of the enzyme, most likely representing "feedback" regulation of cAMP, presumably allowing close coupling of the regulation of steady-state concentrations of both cAMP and PKA and, thereby, control of lipolysis. In the review we describe methods and strategies used in the authors' laboratories to study phosphorylation and activation of PDE3B in adipocytes and in vitro.

Keywords

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Other

Published
  • Insulin Signal Transduction
  • ISSN: 1095-9130
Eva Degerman
E-mail: eva.degerman [at] med.lu.se

Professor

Insulin Signal Transduction

+46 46 222 85 83

+46 70 885 83 62

BMC C1121b

66

Lund University Diabetes Centre, CRC, SUS Malmö, Entrance 72, House 91:12. SE-205 02 Malmö. Telephone: +46 40 39 10 00