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Multisite regulation of insulin secretion by cAMP-increasing agonists: evidence that glucagon-like peptide 1 and glucagon act via distinct receptors

Author:
  • J Gromada
  • W G Ding
  • Sebastian Barg
  • Erik Renström
  • Patrik Rorsman
Publishing year: 1997
Language: English
Pages: 515-524
Publication/Series: Pflügers Archiv
Volume: 434
Issue: 5
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Springer

Abstract english

The mechanisms by which glucagon-like peptide 1(7-36)amide (GLP-1[7-36]amide) potentiates insulin secretion were investigated by measurements of whole-cell K+ and Ca2+ currents, membrane potential, the cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) and exocytosis in mouse pancreatic B-cells. GLP-1(7-36)amide (10 nM) stimulated glucose-induced (10 mM) electrical activity in intact pancreatic islets. The effect was manifested as a 34% increase in the duration of the bursts of action potentials and a corresponding 28% shortening of the silent intervals. GLP-1(7-36)amide had no effect on the electrical activity at subthreshold glucose concentrations (< or = 6.5 mM). In cultured B-cells, GLP-1(7-36)amide produced a decrease of the whole-cell ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) conductance remaining at 5 mM glucose by approximately 30%. This effect was associated with membrane depolarization and the initiation of electrical activity. GLP-1(7-36)amide produced a protein-kinase-A-(PKA-) and glucose-dependent fourfold potentiation of Ca(2+)-induced exocytosis whilst only increasing the Ca2+ current marginally. The stimulatory action of GLP-1(7-36)amide on exocytosis was mimicked by the pancreatic hormone glucagon and exendin-4, a GLP-1 receptor agonist. Whereas the stimulatory action of GLP-1(7-36)amide could be antagonized by exendin-(9-39), this peptide did not interfere with the ability of glucagon to stimulate exocytosis. We suggest that GLP-1(7-36)amide and glucagon stimulate insulin secretion by binding to distinct receptors. The GLP-1(7-36)amide-induced stimulation of electrical activity and Ca2+ influx can account for (maximally) a doubling of insulin secretion. The remainder of its stimulatory action results from a cAMP/PKA-dependent potentiation of Ca(2+)-dependent exocytosis exerted at a stage distal to the elevation of [Ca2+]i.

Keywords

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes
  • GLP-1
  • Exocytosis
  • B-cell
  • Glucagon
  • Insulin

Other

Published
  • ISSN: 0031-6768
Erik Renström
E-mail: erik.renstrom [at] med.lu.se

Deputy head of department

Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö

+46 40 39 11 57

+46 40 39 11 57

Principal investigator

Islet patophysiology

+46 40 39 11 57

+46 40 39 11 57

20-3-308

33

Lund University Diabetes Centre, CRC, SUS Malmö, Entrance 72, House 91:12. SE-205 02 Malmö. Telephone: +46 40 39 10 00