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The human L-type calcium channel Ca(v)1.3 regulates insulin release and polymorphisms in CACNA1D associate with type 2 diabetes.

Author:
  • Thomas Reinbothe
  • Sami Alkayyali
  • Emma Ahlqvist
  • Tiinamaija Tuomi
  • Bo Isomaa
  • Valeriya Lyssenko
  • Erik Renström
Publishing year: 2013
Language: English
Pages: 340-349
Publication/Series: Diabetologia
Volume: 56
Issue: 2
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: Springer Verlag

Abstract english

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Voltage-gated calcium channels of the L-type have been shown to be essential for rodent pancreatic beta cell function, but data about their presence and regulation in humans are incomplete. We therefore sought to elucidate which L-type channel isoform is functionally important and its association with inherited diabetes-related phenotypes. METHODS: Beta cells of human islets from cadaver donors were enriched using FACS to study the expression of the genes encoding voltage-gated calcium channel (Ca(v))1.2 and Ca(v)1.3 by absolute quantitative PCR in whole human and rat islets, as well as in clonal cells. Single-cell exocytosis was monitored as increases in cell capacitance after treatment with small interfering (si)RNA against CACNA1D (which encodes Ca(v)1.3). Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped in 8,987 non-diabetic and 2,830 type 2 diabetic individuals from Finland and Sweden and analysed for associations with type 2 diabetes and insulin phenotypes. RESULTS: In FACS-enriched human beta cells, CACNA1D mRNA expression exceeded that of CACNA1C (which encodes Ca(v)1.2) by approximately 60-fold and was decreased in islets from type 2 diabetes patients. The latter coincided with diminished secretion of insulin in vitro. CACNA1D siRNA reduced glucose-stimulated insulin release in INS-1 832/13 cells and exocytosis in human beta cells. Phenotype/genotype associations of three SNPs in the CACNA1D gene revealed an association between the C allele of the SNP rs312480 and reduced mRNA expression, as well as decreased insulin secretion in vivo, whereas both rs312486/G and rs9841978/G were associated with type 2 diabetes. CONCLUSION/INTERPRETATION: We conclude that the L-type calcium channel Ca(v)1.3 is important in human glucose-induced insulin secretion, and common variants in CACNA1D might contribute to type 2 diabetes.

Keywords

  • Endocrinology and Diabetes

Other

Published
  • Islet patophysiology
  • Diabetes and Endocrinology
  • ISSN: 1432-0428
Erik Renström
E-mail: erik.renstrom [at] med.lu.se

Deputy head of department

Department of Clinical Sciences, Malmö

+46 40 39 11 57

+46 40 39 11 57

Principal investigator

Islet patophysiology

+46 40 39 11 57

+46 40 39 11 57

20-3-308

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Lund University Diabetes Centre, CRC, SUS Malmö, Entrance 72, House 91:12. SE-205 02 Malmö. Telephone: +46 40 39 10 00