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Atherogenic vascular and lipid phenotypes in young patients with Type 1 diabetes are associated with diabetes high-risk HLA genotype

Author:
  • Michal Odermarsky
  • Anita Ramelius
  • Åke Lernmark
  • Sture Sjöblad
  • Petru Liuba
Publishing year: 2007
Language: English
Pages: 3175-3179
Publication/Series: American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume: 293
Issue: 5
Document type: Journal article
Publisher: American Physiological Society

Abstract english

Expression of human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II molecules on islet endothelial cells is a central vascular event in the pathogenesis of Type 1 diabetes. Previous studies demonstrated the ability of other vascular endothelial cells to express HLA and thereby to process islet autoantigens on their surface. We investigated whether the HLA-DQ2/8 genotype, which confers the highest risk for Type 1 diabetes, is associated with early atherosclerosis in youths with this disease. Brachial artery endothelium-dependent, flow-mediated dilation (BA-FMD) and carotid artery intima-media thickness (CA-IMT), as well as markers of systemic inflammation [C-reactive protein (CRP), fibrinogen, and orosomucoid], HbA(1C), LDL, HDL, and total cholesterol, were assessed in 86 children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes (mean age and diabetes duration, 15 and 7 yr, respectively) between 2004 and 2006. HLA genotypes were determined in dried blood spots by an oligoblot hybridization method. As a result, HLA-DQ2/8 was detected in 34 patients (DQ2/8). When this group was compared with the remaining patients (non-DQ2/8, n = 52), there were no differences in age, diabetes duration, HbA(1C), body mass index, inflammatory markers, and IMT (P >= 0.4). In the DQ2/8 group, LDL-to-HDL ratio was elevated compared with that in the non-DQ2/8 group (1.8 vs. 1.3, respectively; P = 0.001), whereas FMD did not significantly differ between the groups (5.3% vs. 6.7%, respectively; P = 0.08). When patients were further categorized in relation to CRP (cut- off value, 1 mg/ l), BA-FMD was significantly lower (3%, P < 0.01), whereas LDL-to-HDL ratio increased further (2.2, P < 0.001) in the subgroup of DQ2/8 and CRP >= 1 patients compared with the remaining three subgroups. These associations remained significant after adjustment for age, diabetes duration, and HbA(1C) by analysis of covariance. The brachial artery responses to nitroglycerine were similar in all subgroups. In conclusion, the diabetes-predisposing HLA-DQ2/8 genotype in children and adolescents with Type 1 diabetes interferes with endothelial and lipid-related mechanisms of early atherosclerosis, possibly in part through inflammatory pathways.

Keywords

  • Physiology
  • vascular function
  • genetics
  • lipids

Other

Published
  • Diabetes and Celiac Unit
  • ISSN: 1522-1539
E-mail: anita.ramelius [at] med.lu.se

Biomedical analyst

Diabetes and Celiac Unit

+46 40 39 19 06

91:10:018

Jan Waldenströms gata 35, Malmö

36

Lund University Diabetes Centre, CRC, SUS Malmö, Entrance 72, House 91:12. SE-205 02 Malmö. Telephone: +46 40 39 10 00